Paitkar Painting - Krishna with Gopies
Jharkhand is the region dominated by the tribes and abundant forests area. So it is known for its woodwork, bamboo works, Paitkar paintings, tribal ornaments and stone carving. Paitkar paintings are one of the oldest tribal paintings in India. Paitkar painting, a traditional painting of a village in the Eastern part of Jharkhand, is an art form from ancient times. The Paitkar paintings are also popularly known as the scroll paintings of Jharkhand. This painting form is popular in West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and other adjacent states of India. This art of scroll painting has long been used in storytelling, performances and in socio-religious customs.
The medium through which the Paitkar artists use to paint their scrolls is water-based colours derived from nature. There are only few primary colours - Red, Yellow and Blue available from the nature. Human characters occupy most part of the painted space. These characters are present in profile and sometimes in semi profile. The eyes are elongated which reflects the characteristic of Indian painting style. The painted face came much later only in the mid-20th century. Spontaneous lines drawn by Paitkar have an angularity, and anatomical details are not very defined. The significance of this style of painting is, they are mostly associated with Hindu epics, like stories are from of Ramayana, Mahabharata, Manasa song(Manasa pada), Kali song (Kali Pada). Ramayana story focuses on the character drawings of Rama, Sita and Mandudari. They recount the story about the deeds of gods and goddesses, such as Shiva or Durga from Hindu mythology; or the local deities, such as the snake goddess Manasa.
In this painting, the artist have sketched deity Krishna in his favorite position of playing flute and surrounded by cows and gopies. This very common wall hanging but created in different style of painting can be placed in niche area, in pooja room, on staircase wall in collage.